LF and HF Impedance Standards

This activity is maintaining the LF & HF impedance standards, DC standards and DC High Voltage standards.

LF & HF Impedance Standard: This activity is maintaining the standards of capacitance, inductance and ac resistance. Value to the 10 pF capacitor is assigned through primary standard, calculable cross capacitor, with an uncertainty of 0.6 ppm using precision ac bridges. Scale of capacitance is build up from 10 pF to 1 F using transformers bridges. The unit of inductance, Henry, is realized from capacitance and resistance using Maxwell-Wien bridge. Value to 100 µH to 10 H is assigned through this bridge. The unit of ac resistance, Ohm, is also realized from capacitance, using Quadrature Bridge and other precision ac bridges at 1kΩ. The scale of resistance from 1 Ω to 1 MΩ builds up with Kelvin double arms ac bridge.

The Precision Coaxial air-lines are taken as the primary standard of HF capacitance standard, traceable to length standards. The capacitance values of these air lines at high frequencies have been evaluated from their dimensions by using the transmission line theory1 and taking into account the distributive effects associated with the coaxial lines. A set of seven air-lines of different lengths from 3 cm to 30 cm exhibit capacitance values which varies from 2 pF to 20 pF respectively has been employed in the frequency range of 10 kHz-100 MHz. Transfer standards of capacitance at high frequency include a set of four coaxial capacitors (1 pF to 20 pF) and four 4-TP (Terminal Pair) air dielectric capacitors (1 pF to 1000 pF) which are calibrated against the primary standard. These transfer standards are then used to calibrate the LCR meters and Impedance analyzer in the range of 1 pF - 1000 pF from 10 kHz – 10 MHz and 1 pF to 20 pF from 10 MHz to 100 MHz respectively.

DC standards: This activity is maintaining National Standards of DC voltage, DC current and DC resistance. The apex level calibration facilities is being provided to the STQC Labs, Government Organizations and Industries for dissemination of traceability.

DC High Voltage Standard: This group is providing calibration facility for High Voltage DC equipments ie. DC High Voltage probe, DC High Voltage divider, DC High Voltage Power Supplies and DC Volt meter, upto 100 kV. Primary standard of DC High Voltage is the Resistive Divider, which is traceable to Josephson voltage standard.

International Collaborations

  • This group is coordinating following international comparisons;
  • APMP.EM.S8 for 6 ½ DMM
  • APMP.EM.K3 and APMP.EM.S10 for inductance measurement of 10 mH and 100 mH

List of International Inter comparisons

LF Impedance Standards
Parameter Artifact & Range Year Country / Programme

CAPACITANCE

10 pF Quartz Capacitor at 1000 Hz & 1592 Hz
100 pF Quartz Capacitor at 1000 Hz & 1592 Hz
10 pF Quartz Capacitor (at 1000 Hz)
10 pF Quartz Capacitor (at 1592 Hz)
10 pF Quartz Capacitor   (at 1592 Hz)
10 pF Quartz Capacitor  (at 1592 Hz)

10 pF Quartz Capacitor (at 1000, 1592 Hz)
100 pF Quartz Capacitor (at 1000, 1592 Hz)
10 pF Air Capacitor  (at 1592 Hz)
100 pF, Air Capacitor (at 1592 Hz)
1000 pF Air Capacitor (at 1592 Hz)
10 pF Quartz Capacitor  (at 1592 Hz)
1 nF Air Capacitor  (at 1592 Hz)

2011
2011

1997
1997
1990
1986

2004
2004
1994
1994
1994
1984
1984

BIPM (France)
BIPM (France)
NML (South Africa)
PTB (Germany)
VNIIM (USSR)
VNIIM (USSR)

 

APMP

 

 

INDUCTANCE

10 mH  (at 1000 Hz)

1998
1988
1984

PTB (Germany)
VNIIM (USSR)
VNIIM (USSR)

AC RESISTANCE

1 kW Resistor    (at 1592 Hz)

1986

VNIIM (USSR)

AC ratio

Inductive Voltage Dividers at 1 kHz and 55 Hz

2001

CCEM K7

DC Standards

DC Resistance

 

 

 1 Ω & 10 k Ω

1 Ω Standard

1 Ω & 10kΩ

2013
(ongoing)
1987

1986

BIPM (France)

Indo-Soviet Prog.

APMP

DC Current

 1 pA, 10 pA & 100 pA

2012

KRISS (Korea)

DC Voltage

1000:10, 100:10 (Voltage Ratios)
DC Voltage Divider; Datron 4902S
1 V; Zener Standard (Fluke 732B)
Standard Cell 1 V
1 V (Guildline Transvolt std cell)

2011

1998
1986
1986

IEN Italy

APMP
Indo-Soviet Prog.
Commonwealth Science Councile

Research and Development Activities

1. Measurement Traceability

2. 4TP Capacitance Evaluation using Resonance Method

3. Determination and comparison of temperature coefficient of standard inductors

4. Measurement Automation

CONTACT INFORMATION