About NPL
Director's message
Director The National Physical Laboratory is the National Metrology Institute of india and a Premier Research Laboratory in the field of Physical Sciences.
The National Physical Laboratory was conceptualized in 1943 by the Governing Body of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), with a view to pave way for using science and technology as a means for industrial growth and development, as well as to give fillip to the fledgling Indian industry. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone for the laboratory on January 4, 1947 and it was one of the first National Laboratory to be set-up under the CSIR.
Dr. D K Aswal

On January 21, 1950, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the then Deputy Prime Minister of India, inaugurated the NPL building. Over the years, the Laboratory has more than realized its primary mandate as the keeper of Measurement Standards for the nation while also substantially expanding its research activities to emerge as a leading national institution for research in a whole gamut of areas in the Physical Sciences.

Charter of CSIR-NPL
The main aim of the Laboratory is to strengthen and advance physics-based research and development for the overall development of science and technology in the country. In particular, its objectives are:

Outline of Research Activities at CSIR-NPL

In order to realize these objectives, the Laboratory’s research & development programme is currently divided into three main research centres :
(i) Centre of Materials
(ii) Centre of Radio and Atmospheric Sciences &
(iii) Centre of Metrology

The R & D activities of these research centres are carried out under different research divisions of the Laboratory, namely:

Scientific and Administrative Support Divisions including Sophisticated and Analytical Instruments provide the necessary support to the R & D activities.